Bow Wow’s First Aid
There may be times when you have a scenario where your dog needs medical attention, but there is no vet nearby. In these situations, it is important to be medically self sufficient. We worked with Bow Wow’s vet, Hamish Currie to come up with a fairly general kit to cover the most common issues in African conditions. It would be a good idea to have your vet’s phone number handy if you need further guidance.
Canine Tick-Bite Fever (Biliary / Ehrlichiosis)
Biliary is a disease most frequently caused by the bite of an infected tick that is host to a tiny parasite (Babesia canis). This is similar to malaria in humans (except that the latter is caused by mosquitoes). Symptoms to look out for are unusual lethargy, loss of appetite and a temperature over 39.5°C. This is a potentially deadly disease so at the first sign of these symptoms, immediately inject the following treatment:
- 1 x 1ml Berenil Injection (0.5ml per 10kg body weight) – This must be kept cold in a fridge. This must be injected through the skin at the back of the neck.
Often, Biliary is accompanied by another potentially deadly disease caused by the bite of a tick called Ehrlichiosis. Clinical signs include a fever, petechiae, bleeding disorders, vasculitis, lymphadenopathy, discharge from the nose and eyes, and edema of the legs and scrotum1. Treatment as follows:
- Doxycycline (eg. Doxy Dog red pills) – A broad spectrum antibiotic.
At the first signs of any of these symptoms, we have been advised to administer both of these treatments immediately and subsequently visit a vet as soon as possible.
Ticks / Fleas / Flies / Mosquitoes
For general conditions, in particular when it is not too wet we use a topical product:
- Advantix (Imidacloprid 10% m/v, Permethrin 50% m/v) – For topical prevention and treatment of ticks, fleas, flies and mosquitoes for up to 4 weeks.
During rainy periods it is recommended that you use a collar:
- Tick Collars (Acaricidal) – Controls ticks on dogs for up to 14 weeks and aids in the control of ticks on dogs from 14 weeks to 24 weeks.
- Synulox 250
Pain Relief (Anti-inflammatories)
- Rimadyl 75
If you think your dog has worms you should commence treatment straight away. Symptoms include diarrhoea, vomiting, lacklustre coat, bloating, coughing or loss of appetite, weight or energy. Treatment as follows:
- Quantel – De-worming.
- Eye Wash
- Eye Ointment (ISEE – Chloramphenicol 20mg) – For treatment of eye infections such as conjunctivitis.
- Ear Drops (Otomax Ear Drop Suspension) – For ear infections including the treatment of canine acute and chronic otitis externa associated with yeast (Malassezia pachydermatis) and/or bacteria susceptible to gentamicin.